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Table 4 Pooled estimates of secondary outcome measures among self-medicated clients

From: Epidemiology of self-medication in Ethiopia: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies

Secondary outcome measures Pooled estimate (95% CI) Heterogeneity (I2)
Justified reasons for practicing self-medication Previous experience or familiarity of treatments 31.3% (21.5, 41.1) 97.95%,
Perceived mildness of the illness 31.1% (26.0, 36.2) 85.41%
Affordability of self-medication 26.6% (17.0, 36.1) 98.02%
Time saving nature 19.4% (14.1, 24.7) 91.27%
Suitability for emergency care 16.6% (9.4, 23.8) 93.83%
Less expectation in health facilities 13.6% (8.3, 18.9) 73.59%
Top three classes of drugs used Analgesic and anti-inflammatory drugs 46.1% (36.2, 56.1) 95.91%
Antimicrobial agents 28.2% (19.6, 36.8) 96.56%
Gastrointestinal agents 14.9% (7.8, 21.9) 95.06%
  1. CI confidence interval