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Table 1 Distribution of demographic factors among non-medical students of Karachi

From: Self-medication with antibiotics among non-medical university students of Karachi: a cross-sectional study

  Students using self-medication (n = 205) Students not using self-medication (n = 226) Odds ratio (95% confidence interval)
Frequency (n) Percentage (%) Frequency (n) Percentage (%)
Gender      0.903(0.615-1.326)
• Male 123 60 130 57.5  
• Female 82 40 96 42.5  
  TOTAL 205   226   
Year in university      
• 1st 116 56.6 132 58.4  
• 2nd 41 20 39 17.3  
• 3rd 16 7.8 21 9.3  
• 4th 29 14.1 29 12.8  
• 5th 1 0.5 3 1.3  
• >5th 2 1 2 0.9  
Marital status      
• Single 197 96.1 214 94.7  
• Married 3 1.5 8 3.5  
• Divorced 5 2.4 4 1.8  
Household income      
• <50,000 51 26.8 64 30.9  
• 50,000 to <100,000 73 38.4 66 31.9  
• 100,000-150,000 38 20 32 15.5  
• >150,000 28 14.7 45 21.7  
Healthcare expenses covered      1.186(0.804-1.750)
• Yes 116 57.4 136 61.5  
• No 86 42.6 85 38.5